The increasing demand all over the world for Afghan carpets, rugs and other piled goods, as well as killims has stimulated a lively interest in this time-honored craft. The production of Afghan woven good is extremely varied, and falls into two main classifications: namely the Turkoman and the Beloutch and the Beloutch-type. Both are produced by pastoral people of entirely different origin, yet who had the same needs and a constantly available source of wool. Thus, many of their products were made to serve similar purposes, though each is quite distinct in technique of weave, in color and design.
Not least of the charms of the Afghan carpet is that it is among the few products left the world today that is still made entirely by hand. Carpet production in Afghanistan is from beginning to end a cottage industry, and for the buyer, represents good value in terms of wear, beauty and adaptability to surroundings. Another characteristic of Afghan carpets is that they are wholly of wool and all designs are rectilinear.